§ Широкогоровы §
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58. The Ethnographical and Anthropological Evidences Combined

I. From an anthropological point of view the Chinese are a complex of different anthropological types, which may be distinguished in an amalgamated state among the Chinese, These types are more or less distinguishable among other ethnical groups. The present distribution of these types in the territory furnishes some data for establishing the ethnical movements in the past.

II. The Chinese lived within the limits of West-Central China, whence they moved eastward, northward and southward. The Chinese movement eastward resulted in the amalgamation of the Chinese with the native ethnical groups of this region, i.e. Tungus and Palaeoasiatic groups. The influence of the Chinese type may be observed among the present population of Manchuria and partly Korea. The interaction of the Chinese and other ethnical groups resulted in the continuous amalgamation of the fundamental Tungus and Palaeoasiatic types.

III. The interaction of the Chinese and Mongols resulted in the Mongol movement eastward, northward and westward. Thus the Chinese movement had exclusively important influence on the history of Europe, — the Huns provoked the Great Migration in Europe and removed the German and other ethnical groups who lived at that time in Europe. Also indirectly this movement influenced the failure of the Roman Empire. The Mongol pressure on the east caused probably the Tungus migrations and the formation of the new states. The decline of the Mongol Empire resulted in the formation of two great powers — Russia on the west and Manchu on the east.

This movement interrupted the peaceful trade between Ancient China and the Mediterranean cultural circle.

IV. The Chinese movement eastward and northward was stopped only by the Russian migration. In Manchuria the Chinese movement always grows and forms now the majority of population.

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